Monday, September 24, 2007


In chemistry, a metal is a ingredient that readily loses electrons to form positive ions and has metallic bonds between metal atoms. Metals form ionic bonds with non-metals. They are sometimes described as a web of positive ions surrounded by a cloud of delocalized electrons. The metals are one of the three groups of elements as eminent by their ionization and bonding properties, along with the metalloids and nonmetals. On the periodic table, a diagonal line drawn from boron separates the metals from the nonmetals. Most elements on this line are metalloids, sometimes called semi-metals; elements to the lower left are metals; elements to the upper right are nonmetals.

Sunday, September 16, 2007

Salwar kameez

Salwar kameez is also spelled shalwar kameez and shalwar qamiz is a traditional dress worn by both women and men in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan. It is now and then known as Punjabi suit due to its popularity in the Punjab region and the Pathani suit, due to the fact that the Pathans of Kabul introduce the dress to the rest of South Asia.

It is loose pajama like trousers the legs are wide at the top and narrow at the bottom,
The kameez is a long shirt or tunic. The part seams known as the chaak are left open below the waist-line, which gives the wearer greater freedom of movement. In Afghanistan and Pakistan, it is the favored garment of both sexes. In Bangladesh and India, it is most normally a woman's garment. Though the majority of Indian women wear traditional clothing, the men in India can be found in more conservative western clothing. Shalwar kameez is the traditional dress worn by a variety of peoples of south-central Asia. In India and Pakistan it is a particularly popular style of dress. Shalwar or Salwar is a short loose or parallel trouser.

Monday, September 10, 2007

Dutch East Indies

The Dutch East Indies, or Netherlands East Indies, (Dutch: Nederlands-Indiƫ; Indonesian: Hindia-Belanda) was created from the nationalized colonies of the former Dutch East India Company that came under administration of the Netherlands throughout the nineteenth century, and now form modern-day Indonesia.

Sunday, September 02, 2007

Sports car

A sports car is an automobile planned for performance driving. Most sports cars are rear-wheel drive, have two seats, two doors, and are designed for exact handling, speeding up, and aesthetics. A sports car's dominant considerations can be superior road handling, braking, maneuverability, low weight, and high power, rather than traveler space, comfort, and fuel economy.

Sports cars can be either comfortable or Spartan, but lashing mechanical performance is the key attraction. Drivers regard brand name and the following racing reputation and history (for example, Ferrari, Porsche, Lotus) as important indications of sporting quality, but brands such as Lamborghini, which do not competition or build racing cars, are also awfully regarded.

A car may be a sporting car without being a sports car. Performance modifications of regular, production cars, such as sport compacts, sports sedans, muscle cars, hot hatches and the like, normally are not sports cars, yet share traits general to sports cars. Frequently, performance cars of all configurations are grouped as Sports and GT cars, or, infrequently, as performance cars.

Thursday, August 23, 2007

Authorized Capital

The authorised capital of a company sometimes referred to as the authorised share capital or the nominal capital, mainly in the United States is the maximum amount of share capital that the company is authorised by its lawful documents to issue to shareholders. Part of the authorized capital can and often does remain unissued.

The division of the authorised capital which has been issued to shareholders is referred to as the issued share capital of the company.

Wednesday, August 15, 2007

Jerkin (garment)

A jerkin is a man's short close-fitting jacket, prepared typically of light-colored leather, and without sleeves, worn over the doublet in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Leather jerkins of the sixteenth century were repeatedly slashed and punched, both for adornment and to improve the fit.
Jerkins were worn bunged at the neck and hanging open over the peascod-bellied fashion of doublet (as worn by Martin Frobisher).
During the Normandy disgusting, American troops had little reasons to feel under provisioned compared to the Brits and Canadians, but the lack of leather jerkins was one major deficit.
During the post war period, a much less idiosyncratic PVC version was introduced to the armed forces. WD excess leather jerkins swamped the UK during the 1950s and 1960s and were a common sight on manual workmen across the country.

Wednesday, August 08, 2007


Gasoline engines have the benefit over diesel in being lighter and able to work at higher rotating speeds and they are the usual choice for fitting in high presentation sports cars. Continuous development of gasoline engines for over a hundred years has formed improvements in efficiency and reduced pollution. The carburetor was used on nearly all road car engines awaiting the 1980s but it was long realized better control of the fuel/air mixture could be achieved with fuel inoculation.

Indirect fuel injection was initially used in aircraft engines from 1909, in racing car engines from the 1930s, and road cars from the late 1950s. Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) is now starting to appear in making vehicles such as the 2007 BMW MINI. Wear out gases are also cleaned up by appropriate a catalytic converter into the tire out system. Clean air legislation in many of the car industries most important markets have made both catalysts and fuel injection virtually common fittings. Most modern gasoline engines are also able of running with up to 15% ethanol mixed into the gasoline - older vehicles may have seals and hoses that can be wounded by ethanol. With a small amount of redesign, gasoline-powered vehicles can run on ethanol concentration as high as 85%. 100% ethanol is used in some parts of the world (such as Brazil), but vehicles must be in progress on pure gasoline and switched over to ethanol once the engine is running. Most gasoline engine cars can also run on LPG with the addition up of an LPG tank for fuel storage and carburetion modifications to add an LPG mixer. LPG produces fewer toxic emissions and is a popular fuel for fork lift trucks that have to activate inside buildings